Module 1 :
Infrastructure and economic development – Infrastructure as a public good; Social and
physical infrastructure; Special characteristics of public utilities. The peak load, Off load
problem; Dual principle controversy; Economies of scale of joint supply; Marginal cost
pricing vs. other methods of pricing in public utilities; Cross subsidization – free prices,
equity and efficiency.
Module 2 :
The structure of transport costs and location of economic activities; Demand for
transport – Models of freight and passenger demand; Model choice; Cost functions in the
transport sector; Principle of pricing; Special problems of individuals modes of transport;
Inter-model condition in the Indian situation.
Module 3 :
Rate making in telephone utilities; Principles of decreasing costs in telephone industry –
Characteristics of postal services; Criteria for fixation of postal rates; Measurement of
standards of service in telephone and postal utilities.
Module 4 :
Primacy of energy in the process of economic development; Factors determining demand
for energy; Effects of energy shortages; Energy conservation, renewable and nonconventional sources of energy; Energy modeling; The search for an optimal energy
policy in the Indian context.
Module 5 :
Bulk supply and pricing of electricity – The relative economics of thermal, hydel and
nuclear power plants – The case for a National Power Grid, financing water utilities -
Urban and rural water supply; The exploitation of National Gas; Pricing problem.
Module 6 :
Organisation and financing of supply of social services; Private vs public sector
financing; Recent debate about the fixation of prices of social services; Development of
social services in the successive Indian plans.
Module 7 :
Education and economic growth; Approaches to educational planning, social demand,
rate of return and manpower balance approaches; The case for universal, free, primary
education; Structure of higher education and problems of its financing in India; Human
resources and human capital development – The issues in education policy; Health
dimensions of development - Determinants of health – Poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy
and lack of information, Economic dimensions of health care – Demand and supply of
health care, Financing of health care and resource constraints - Inequalities in health –
Class and gender perspectives; Institutional issues in health care delivery.
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