Thursday, June 16, 2022




 UNIT 1:Accounting as an information system, the users of financial accounting information and their needs. Qualitative characteristics of accounting, information. Functions, advantages and limitations of accounting. Branches of accounting. Bases of accounting; cash basis and accrual basis. ii. The nature of financial accounting principles – Basic concepts and conventions: entity, money measurement, going concern, cost, realization, accruals, periodicity, consistency, prudence (conservatism), materiality and full disclosures. iii. Financial accounting standards: Concept, benefits, procedure for issuing accounting standards in India. Salient features of First-Time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard (Ind-AS) 101. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS): - Need and procedures. (b) Accounting Process 2 Lectures From recording of a business transaction to preparation of trial balance including adjustments (c) Computerised Accounting Systems 26 Practical Lab Computerised Accounting Systems: Computerized Accounts by using any popular accounting software: Creating a Company; Configure and Features settings; Creating Accounting Ledgers and Groups; Creating Stock Items and Groups; Vouchers Entry; Generating Reports - Cash Book, Ledger Accounts, Trial Balance, Profit and Loss Account, Balance Sheet, Funds Flow Statement, Cash Flow Statement Selecting and shutting a Company; Backup and Restore data of a Company

 UNIT 2: (a) Business Income  i. Measurement of business income-Net income: the accounting period, the continuity doctrine and matching concept. Objectives of measurement. ii. Revenue recognition: Recognition of expenses. iii. The nature of depreciation. The accounting concept of depreciation. Factors in the measurement of depreciation. Methods of computing depreciation: straight line method and diminishing balance method; Disposal of depreciable assets-change of method. iv. Inventories: Meaning. Significance of inventory valuation. Inventory Record Systems: periodic and perpetual. Methods: FIFO, LIFO and Weighted Average. Salient features of Indian Accounting Standard (IND-AS): 2 (b) Final Accounts 7 Lectures Capital and revenue expenditures and receipts: general introduction only. Preparation of financial statements of non-corporate business entities : CBCS Scheme

 Unit 3: Accounting for Hire-Purchase and Installment Systems, Consignment, and Joint Venture i) Accounting for Hire-Purchase Transactions, Journal entries and ledger accounts in the books of Hire Vendors and Hire purchaser for large value items including Default and repossession. ii) Consignment: Features, Accounting treatment in the books of the consignor and consignee. iii) Joint Venture: Accounting procedures: Joint Bank Account, Records Maintained by Coventurer of (a) all transactions (b) only his own transactions. (Memorandum joint venture account). 15 Lectures

 Unit 4: Accounting for Inland Branches , Concept of dependent branches; accounting aspects; debtors system, stock and debtors system, branch final accounts system and whole sale basis system. Independent branches: conceptaccounting treatment: important adjustment entries and preparation of consolidated profit and loss account and balance sheet. Unit 5: Accounting for Dissolution of Partnership Firm Accounting of Dissolution of the Partnership Firm Including Insolvency of partners, sale to a limited company and piecemeal distribution

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